How to make a cluck turkey call
A plain cluck is a single loud staccato note. The median pitch of a typical adult hen’s cluck is also the loudest call. The call is used mainly to attract the attention of another turkey. Most plain clucks are rendered at intervals of two to five seconds, but occasionally a turkey will cluck so rapidly that the sounds resemble slow cutting.
There is ambiguity in literature about the cluck. John J. Audubon (1831) said it is used as a signal to fly across a river, but in the same book, he said it means that food has been found. Edward McIlhenny (1914) and Henry Davis (1949) recognized the plain cluck as an assembly call, but Davis described the sound as “w-h-o-t,” which I think is the call I have labeled “whit-whit.” Leon Johenning (1962) listed synonyms for the cluck as “quote,” ”chirp,” “pitt,” “pert,” “cut,” “quit” and “gutt.” Word descriptions tell us little more than the call consists of one abrupt note. The plain cluck can be imitated perfectly on most friction callers.
A good model is a series of three or four clucks rendered at two- to three-second intervals. When a turkey coming to a call clucks, it’s asking the caller to show itself.